Matsakaicin sassan Shaft

Sassa su ne ainihin abubuwa da cewa yin up da na'ura, da kuma ne rabuwa mutum sassa cewa yin up na'ura da kuma na'ura.

Sassan ba horo ba ne kawai don bincike da ƙira na sassa na asali na injiniya a cikin kayan aiki daban-daban, har ma da maƙasudi na gabaɗaya don sassa da abubuwan haɗin gwiwa.

Bincike da ƙira na sassa na asali na inji a cikin kayan aiki daban-daban kuma babban lokaci ne na sassa da abubuwan haɗin gwiwa. Takamammen abun ciki na sassa a matsayin horo ya haɗa da:

1. Haɗin sassan (ɓangarorin). Kamar haɗin zaren, haɗin wedge, haɗin fil, haɗin maɓalli, haɗin spline, haɗin dacewa mai tsangwama, haɗin zobe na roba, riveting, walda da gluing, da sauransu.

2. Belt drive, gogayya dabaran drive, key drive, jituwa drive, gear drive, igiya drive, dunƙule drive da sauran inji tafiyarwa da cewa canja wurin motsi da makamashi, kazalika da daidai shafting sifili kamar drive shafts, couplings, clutches da birki. (bangare.

3. Sassan masu goyan baya (sassan), kamar bearings, kabad da tushe.

4. Lubrication tsarin da hatimi da dai sauransu tare da aikin lubrication.

Precision Shaft Parts

5. Sauran sassa (bangarorin) kamar maɓuɓɓugan ruwa. A matsayin horo, sassan suna farawa daga ƙirar injina gabaɗaya kuma suna amfani da cikakkiyar sakamako na fannoni daban-daban masu alaƙa don nazarin ƙa'idodi, sifofi, halaye, aikace-aikace, yanayin gazawa, ƙarfin ɗaukar nauyi da hanyoyin ƙira na sassa daban-daban; nazarin ka'idar ƙirar sassa na asali , Hanyoyi da jagororin, kuma ta haka ne aka kafa tsarin ka'idar batun tare da gaskiya, wanda ya zama muhimmin tushe don bincike da zane na kayan aiki.

Tun bayan bullar injuna, an sami sassan injina daidai gwargwado. Amma a matsayin horo, sassan injina sun rabu da tsarin injina da injiniyoyi. Tare da haɓaka masana'antar injiniyoyi, fitowar sabbin ka'idodin ƙira da hanyoyin, sabbin kayan aiki, da sabbin hanyoyin, sassan injinan sun shiga wani sabon matakin ci gaba. Theories kamar iyaka kashi hanya, karaya makanikai, elastohydrodynamic lubrication, ingantawa zane, AMINCI zane, kwamfuta-taimaka zane (CAD), m tallan tallace-tallace (Pro, Ug, Solidworks, da dai sauransu), tsarin bincike da kuma zane hanyoyin da sannu a hankali Don bincike. da kuma zane na kayan aikin injiniya. Ganewar haɗin kai na nau'i-nau'i masu yawa, haɗin kai na macro da micro, bincike na sababbin ka'idoji da tsarin, yin amfani da ƙira da ƙira mai ƙarfi, amfani da kwamfutoci na lantarki, da ƙarin haɓakar ra'ayoyin ƙira da hanyoyi sune mahimman abubuwan da ke faruwa. a cikin ci gaban wannan horo.

Ƙunƙarar saman ƙasa muhimmiyar alama ce ta fasaha wacce ke nuna kuskuren siffa mai ƙayyadaddun juzu'i na saman ɓangaren. Yana da babban tushe don gwada ingancin farfajiyar sashin; ko an zaɓi shi da kyau ko a'a yana da alaƙa kai tsaye da inganci, rayuwar sabis da farashin samarwa na samfur. Akwai hanyoyi guda uku don zabar tarkacen saman sassa na inji, wato, hanyar lissafi, hanyar gwaji da hanyar kwatance. A cikin ƙirar sassa na inji, ana amfani da kwatanci da yawa, wanda yake da sauƙi, sauri da tasiri. Aikace-aikacen kwatankwacin yana buƙatar isassun kayan tunani, kuma ɗimbin littattafan ƙira na inji suna ba da ƙarin cikakkun bayanai da takardu. Yawanci ana amfani da shi shine rashin ƙarfi na saman da ya dace da matakin haƙuri. A ƙarƙashin yanayi na al'ada, ƙaramin juzu'in juriyar juzu'i na sassa na inji, ƙarami da ƙimar roughness na sassa na inji, amma babu ƙayyadaddun dangantaka tsakanin su. 

Misali, hannaye a kan wasu injuna, kayan kida, ƙafafun hannu, kayan aikin tsafta, da injinan abinci an gyara saman wasu sassa na inji. Ana buƙatar sarrafa saman su ba tare da matsala ba, ma'ana, ƙarancin saman yana da yawa sosai, amma jurewar girman su yana da matuƙar buƙata. ƙananan. Gabaɗaya, akwai ƙayyadaddun ma'amala tsakanin matakin haƙuri da ƙimar ƙarancin ƙasa na sassa tare da buƙatun haƙuri mai girma.