Juyawa da niƙa sassa na kayan aikin haɗakarwa

Takaitaccen Bayani:

Fa'idodin juyawa da sarrafa mahalli:

Amfani 1: Yankewar lokaci;

Abvantbuwan amfãni 2, sauƙin yankan saurin sauri;

Amfani 3, saurin aikin aiki yana da ƙasa;

Amfani 4, ƙananan nakasar thermal;

Riba 5, kammalawar lokaci ɗaya;

Riba 6, rage lankwasawa

 


Cikakken Bayani

Tags samfurin

Ƙayyadaddun samfur

Samfur abũbuwan amfãni: babu burr, tsari gaba, surface roughness nisa wuce ISO, high daidaici

Sunan samfur: Juyawa da niƙa sassa na inji mai haɗaka

Tsarin samfur: juyawa da milling fili

Kayan samfur: 304 da 316 bakin karfe, jan karfe, ƙarfe, aluminum, da dai sauransu.

Halayen kayan aiki: juriya mai kyau na lalata, juriya mai zafi, ƙarancin zafin jiki da kaddarorin inji

Amfani da samfur: ana amfani da shi a cikin kayan aikin likita, kayan aikin sararin samaniya, kayan sadarwa, masana'antar kera motoci, masana'antar gani da ido, sassan shaft madaidaici, kayan samar da abinci, jirage masu saukar ungulu, da sauransu.

daidaito: ± 0.01mm

Zagayen tabbatarwa: kwanaki 3-5

Yawan samarwa na yau da kullun: 10000

Daidaitaccen tsari: aiki bisa ga zane-zane na abokin ciniki, kayan da ke shigowa, da sauransu.

Brand Name: Lingjun

Fa'idodin juyawa da sarrafa mahalli:

Fa'ida 1, Yanke Wuta:

Haɗaɗɗen hanyar jujjuyawa-spindle-spindle machining hanya ce ta yankan tsaka-tsaki. Irin wannan yankan tsaka-tsaki yana ba da damar kayan aiki don samun ƙarin lokacin sanyaya, saboda komai abin da aka sarrafa, yawan zafin jiki da kayan aiki ya kai lokacin yankan yana da ƙasa.

Abvantbuwan amfãni 2, mai sauƙin yanke saurin sauri:

Idan aka kwatanta da fasahar jujjuyawar gargajiya ta gargajiya, wannan fasahar sarrafa juzu'i mai dual-spindle juyi-milling tana da sauƙin aiwatar da yankan sauri, don haka duk fa'idodin yankan sauri za a iya bayyana su a cikin haɗin gwiwar jujjuyawar juzu'i biyu. , Kamar yadda aka ce hada karfi da yankan da dual-spindle juya da nika ne 30% m fiye da na gargajiya high yankan, da kuma rage yankan karfi na iya rage radial karfi na workpiece nakasawa, wanda zai iya zama da amfani ga sarrafa. na siriri madaidaici sassa. Kuma don ƙara saurin sarrafawa na sassa masu bangon bakin ciki, kuma idan ƙarfin yankan ya yi ƙanƙanta, nauyin kayan aiki da na'urar shima ƙanƙanta ne, ta yadda daidaiton na'ura mai jujjuyawar na'ura mai dual-spindle juyi-milling. za a iya samun kariya mafi kyau.

Riba 3, saurin aikin aiki yayi ƙasa:

Idan saurin jujjuyawar kayan aikin ya yi ƙasa kaɗan, abu ba zai zama naƙasa ba saboda ƙarfin centrifugal lokacin sarrafa sassa na bakin ciki.

Riba 4, ƙananan nakasar thermal:

Lokacin amfani da fili mai jujjuya-spindle-spindle-milling, gabaɗayan tsarin yankan an riga an rufe shi, don haka kayan aiki da kwakwalwan kwamfuta suna ɗauke da zafi mai yawa, kuma zafin jiki na kayan aiki zai kasance kaɗan kaɗan, kuma nakasar thermal ba zai faru cikin sauƙi ba.

Fa'ida ta 5, kammalawa lokaci ɗaya:

Kayan aikin injina na jujjuya-spindle-biyu yana ba da damar sarrafa duk kayan aikin don kammala duk abubuwan ban sha'awa, juyawa, hakowa, da niƙa a cikin tsari guda ɗaya, ta yadda za a iya guje wa matsalar maye gurbin injin ɗin sosai. Rage zagayowar na workpiece samarwa da sarrafawa, da kuma kauce wa matsalolin lalacewa ta hanyar maimaita clamping.

Riba 6, rage lankwasawa:

Yin amfani da hanyar jujjuya-spindle-spindle-milling composite machining na iya rage nakasuwar sassa, musamman lokacin sarrafa wasu sirara da dogayen sassa waɗanda ba za a iya tallafawa a tsakiya ba.

3.2. Ma'auni daidaito bukatun

Wannan takarda tana nazarin abubuwan da ake buƙata na daidaiton ma'auni na zane, don yin hukunci ko za'a iya cimma ta ta hanyar juyawa, da ƙayyade hanyar tsari don sarrafa daidaiton girman.

A cikin aiwatar da wannan bincike, ana iya aiwatar da wasu juzu'in juzu'i a lokaci guda, kamar ƙididdige girman girma, cikakken girma da sarkar girma. A cikin amfani da juyawa na lathe CNC, ana ɗaukar girman da ake buƙata sau da yawa azaman matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaicin girman iyaka azaman girman tushen shirye-shirye.

4.3. Bukatun don siffa da daidaiton matsayi

Siffa da haƙurin matsayi da aka bayar akan zane shine muhimmin tushe don tabbatar da daidaito. A lokacin machining, da sakawa datum da ma'auni datum ya kamata a ƙayyade bisa ga bukatun, da kuma wasu fasaha aiki za a iya za'ayi bisa ga musamman bukatun na CNC lathe, ta yadda yadda ya kamata sarrafa siffar da matsayi daidaito na lathe.

maki biyar biyar

Abubuwan buƙatun rashin ƙarfi na saman

Ƙarƙashin ƙasa shine muhimmin abin da ake bukata don tabbatar da daidaitattun ƙananan ƙananan ƙananan, kuma shi ne kuma tushen madaidaicin zaɓi na lathe CNC, yankan kayan aiki da ƙaddarar sigogi.

maki shida shida

Abubuwan buƙatun magani da zafi

Abubuwan da ake buƙata na magani da zafi da aka ba a cikin zane sune tushen zaɓin kayan aikin yankan, samfuran lathe CNC da ƙayyadaddun sigogi.

Cibiyar injina a tsaye guda biyar

Axis biyar axis biyar a tsaye cibiyar machining kayan aiki ne da ake amfani da su a fagen aikin injiniya. Bayan workpiece ne clamped a kan machining cibiyar sau daya, da dijital kula da tsarin iya sarrafa inji kayan aiki don ta atomatik zažužžukan da canza kayan aiki bisa ga daban-daban matakai, da kuma ta atomatik canza spindle gudun, feed rate, da motsi hanya na kayan aiki dangi zuwa. da workpiece da sauran karin ayyuka, Domin kammala aiki na mahara matakai a kan da dama saman na workpiece. Kuma akwai nau'ikan canjin kayan aiki ko ayyuka na zaɓin kayan aiki, ta yadda aikin samarwa ya inganta sosai.

Cibiyar injina a tsaye ta axis biyar tana nufin cibiyar mashin ɗin wanda aka saita sandar igiyar igiya a tsaye tare da tebur ɗin aiki. Ya fi dacewa don sarrafa faranti, faranti, mold da ƙananan sassan harsashi. Cibiyar axis a tsaye tana iya kammala milling, m, hakowa, tapping da zaren yanke. Biyar axis tsaye machining cibiyar ne uku axis biyu linkage, wanda zai iya gane uku axis uku linkage. Ana iya sarrafa wasu da gatari biyar ko shida. A shafi tsawo na biyar axis a tsaye machining cibiyar ne iyakance, da kuma machining kewayon akwatin irin workpiece ya kamata a rage, wanda shi ne hasara na biyar axis a tsaye machining cibiyar. Duk da haka, biyar axis a tsaye machining cibiyar ne dace da workpiece clamping da sakawa; Waƙar motsi na kayan aikin yankan yana da sauƙin lura, shirin ƙaddamarwa ya dace don dubawa da aunawa, kuma ana iya samun matsalolin a lokacin rufewa ko gyarawa; Yanayin sanyaya yana da sauƙi don kafawa, kuma yankan ruwa zai iya isa ga kayan aiki da machining surface kai tsaye; Hanyoyi guda uku masu daidaitawa sun yi daidai da tsarin haɗin gwiwar Cartesian, don haka ji yana da fahimta kuma ya dace da kusurwar kallon zane. Chips suna da sauƙin cirewa da faɗuwa, don guje wa tarar da saman da aka sarrafa. Idan aka kwatanta da daidaitaccen machining machining, yana da fa'idodin tsari mai sauƙi, ƙaramin yanki na ƙasa da ƙarancin farashi.

Manyan kayan aikin injin CNC

Na'urar CNC ita ce ainihin kayan aikin injin CNC. Na'urorin CNC na zamani duk suna cikin nau'in CNC (masu sarrafa lambobi na kwamfuta). Wannan na'urar ta CNC gabaɗaya tana amfani da microprocessors da yawa don gane aikin sarrafa lambobi a cikin nau'in software da aka tsara, don haka ana kiranta software NC. Tsarin CNC shine tsarin kula da matsayi, wanda ke haɗa yanayin motsi mai kyau bisa ga bayanan shigarwa, sa'an nan kuma fitar da shi zuwa sassan da ake bukata don yin aiki. Don haka, na'urar NC ta ƙunshi sassa uku na asali: shigarwa, sarrafawa da fitarwa. Duk waɗannan ayyukan an tsara su cikin hankali ta hanyar tsarin tsarin kwamfuta, ta yadda tsarin duka zai iya aiki cikin haɗin kai.

1) Na'urar shigarwa: shigar da umarnin NC zuwa na'urar NC. Dangane da nau'in mai ɗaukar shirye-shiryen, akwai na'urorin shigarwa daban-daban. Akwai shigarwar madannai, shigarwar faifai, shigar da yanayin sadarwa kai tsaye na tsarin cad/cam da shigar da DNC (ikon lamba kai tsaye) da aka haɗa da kwamfuta mafi girma. A halin yanzu, tsarin da yawa har yanzu suna da nau'in shigar da tef ɗin takarda na injin karatun hoto.

(2) Yanayin shigar da bel na takarda. Na'ura mai karanta hoto ta takarda na iya karanta shirin sashin, kai tsaye sarrafa motsi na kayan aikin injin, ko karanta abin da ke cikin tef ɗin takarda a cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, da sarrafa motsi na kayan aikin ta ɓangaren shirin da aka adana a cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.

(3) Yanayin shigar da bayanan hannun MDI. Mai aiki zai iya shigar da umarnin shirin injina ta hanyar amfani da maballin da ke kan sashin aiki, wanda ya dace da gajerun shirye-shirye.
A cikin yanayin gyara na'urar sarrafawa, ana amfani da software don shigar da shirin sarrafawa da adanawa cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar na'urar. Ana iya sake amfani da wannan hanyar shigar. Ana amfani da wannan hanyar gabaɗaya a cikin shirye-shiryen hannu.

A kan na'urar NC tare da aikin shirye-shiryen zaman, bisa ga matsalolin da aka sa akan nuni, za'a iya zaɓar menus daban-daban, kuma ana iya samar da shirin sarrafawa ta atomatik ta shigar da lambobi masu mahimmanci ta hanyar hanyar tattaunawa ta mutum-kwamfuta.

(1) Yanayin shigar da lamba DNC kai tsaye an karɓi. Tsarin CNC yana karɓar sassan shirye-shirye masu zuwa daga kwamfutar yayin sarrafa tsarin sassan a cikin babbar kwamfuta. Ana amfani da DNC galibi a cikin yanayin hadadden workpiece wanda software cad/cam ke tsara da kuma samar da sashin shirin kai tsaye.

2) sarrafa bayanai: na'urar shigar da bayanai tana watsa bayanan sarrafawa zuwa sashin CNC kuma ta tattara su cikin bayanan da kwamfutar ta gane. Bayan sashin sarrafa bayanai yana adanawa da sarrafa shi mataki-mataki bisa ga tsarin sarrafawa, yana aika matsayi da umarni na sauri zuwa tsarin servo da babban sashin sarrafa motsi ta hanyar na'urar fitarwa. Bayanan shigarwa na tsarin CNC sun haɗa da: bayanin bayanan sassa (farawa, ƙarshen ƙarshen, madaidaiciyar layi, arc, da dai sauransu), saurin sarrafawa da sauran bayanan mashin ɗin taimako (kamar canjin kayan aiki, canjin saurin gudu, canjin sanyi, da sauransu). kuma makasudin sarrafa bayanai shine don kammala shirye-shiryen kafin aikin interpolation. Shirin sarrafa bayanai kuma ya haɗa da ramuwa na kayan aiki, lissafin sauri da sarrafa ayyukan taimako.

3) Na'urar fitarwa: an haɗa na'urar fitarwa tare da tsarin servo. Na'urar fitarwa tana karɓar bugun bugun jini na sashin lissafi bisa ga umarnin mai sarrafawa, kuma yana aika shi zuwa tsarin sarrafa servo na kowane haɗin gwiwa. Bayan haɓaka wutar lantarki, ana sarrafa tsarin servo, don sarrafa motsi na kayan aikin inji bisa ga buƙatun.

Gabatarwar manyan kayan aikin injin CNC 3

Mai masaukin injin shine babban jikin injin CNC. Ya haɗa da gado, tushe, ginshiƙi, katako, wurin zama mai zamewa, tebur mai aiki, kayan aikin kai, injin ciyarwa, mariƙin kayan aiki, na'urar canza kayan aiki ta atomatik da sauran sassa na inji. Sashe ne na inji wanda ke kammala kowane nau'in yankan ta atomatik akan kayan aikin injin CNC. Idan aka kwatanta da kayan aikin injin na gargajiya, babban kayan aikin injin CNC yana da halaye masu zuwa

1) Sabuwar tsarin kayan aikin injin tare da babban ƙarfi, babban juriya na girgizar ƙasa da ƙananan nakasar thermal an karɓa. Don inganta ƙwanƙwasa da aikin anti-seismic na kayan aikin injin, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun tsarin tsarin, damping, ingancin sassan tsarin da mitar yanayi yawanci ana inganta su, ta yadda babban kayan aikin injin ya inganta. na iya daidaitawa da ci gaba da buƙatun yankan atomatik na kayan aikin injin CNC. Ana iya rage tasirin nakasar zafi a kan babban injin ta hanyar inganta tsarin tsarin kayan aikin injin, rage dumama, sarrafa hawan zafi da ɗaukar ramuwar matsuguni na thermal.

2) Babban aikin sandar servo drive da na'urori masu amfani da kayan aikin servo suna amfani da ko'ina don rage sarkar watsawar kayan aikin injin CNC da sauƙaƙe tsarin tsarin watsa injin injin kayan aikin.

3) Karɓar ingantaccen watsawa, babban daidaito, babu na'urar watsa rata da sassa masu motsi, kamar nau'in dunƙule kwaya, jagorar zamiya filastik, jagorar mirgina madaidaiciya, jagorar hydrostatic, da sauransu.
Na'urar taimako na kayan aikin injin CNC

Na'urar taimako ya zama dole don tabbatar da cikakken wasan aikin kayan aikin injin CNC. Na'urori na yau da kullun sun haɗa da: pneumatic, na'ura mai aiki da ruwa, na'urar cire guntu, na'urar sanyaya da lubrication, tebur rotary da shugaban rarraba CNC, kariya, hasken wuta da sauran na'urori masu taimako.


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